What Does Aristotle Mean By The Idea Of Aiming At The Mean?

What is Aristotle’s definition of happiness?

According to Aristotle, happiness consists in achieving, through the course of a whole lifetime, all the goods — health, wealth, knowledge, friends, etc.

— that lead to the perfection of human nature and to the enrichment of human life.

This requires us to make choices, some of which may be very difficult..

What is the meaning of good life according to Plato?

According to Plato, a ‘good-life’ is one that ensures the well being of a person (Eudaimonia). The well being can be ensured by a good state of the soul. A good state of the soul is either a product of good soul and doing what is good for the soul.

What is the highest form of happiness according to Aristotle?

Aristotle concludes the Ethics with a discussion of the highest form of happiness: a life of intellectual contemplation. Since reason is what separates humanity from animals, its exercise leads man to the highest virtue.

What does Aristotle mean when he says that virtue is a kind of mean?

When Aristotle says, “virtue is a kind of mean” he refers to the ideal amount of virtue that makes us the best we can become and in order to find our “mean” we must practice cultivating these virtues, like finding actions that will promote the opposite.

What is a good life according to Aristotle?

Aristotle argues that what separates human beings from the other animals is the human reason. So the good life is one in which a person cultivates and exercises their rational faculties by, for instance, engaging in scientific inquiry, philosophical discussion, artistic creation, or legislation.

How can an action of man be considered a virtuous act according to Aristotle?

More explicitly, an action counts as virtuous, according to Aristotle, when one holds oneself in a stable equilibrium of the soul, in order to choose the action knowingly and for its own sake. This stable equilibrium of the soul is what constitutes character.

What does Aristotle say about reason?

Aristotle, Plato’s student, defined human beings as rational animals, emphasizing reason as a characteristic of human nature. He defined the highest human happiness or well being (eudaimonia) as a life which is lived consistently, excellently and completely in accordance with reason.

What is Aristotle’s doctrine of the mean quizlet?

“The doctrine of the mean” refers to Aristotle’s view that. virtue is an intermediated position between two extremes. Aristotle says that to be a just person, it is not enough to act justly.

What are Aristotle’s virtues?

What are Aristotle’s virtues?Courage: The midpoint between cowardice and recklessness. … Temperance: The virtue between overindulgence and insensitivity. … Liberality: The virtue of charity, this is the golden mean between miserliness and giving more than you can afford.Magnificence: The virtue of living extravagantly.More items…•

What is Aristotle’s moral theory?

Aristotle. The moral theory of Aristotle, like that of Plato, focuses on virtue, recommending the virtuous way of life by its relation to happiness. … Aristotle opens the first book of the Nicomachean Ethics by positing some one supreme good as the aim of human actions, investigations, and crafts (1094a).

What are two qualities of happiness according to Aristotle?

According to him we relate “good” with someone who performs their function “well,” such as a good flutist who plays his flute well. Aristotle says that for a person to perform “well” they must be rational, virtuous, and active. This in turn will lead that person to be happy by honing their good qualities.

What is Aristotle’s doctrine of the mean?

One of the most celebrated and discussed aspects of Aristotle’s Ethics is his Doctrine of the Mean, which holds that every virtue is a mean between the vicious extremes of excess and deficiency.

Aristotle defines moral virtue as a disposition to behave in the right manner and as a mean between extremes of deficiency and excess, which are vices. We learn moral virtue primarily through habit and practice rather than through reasoning and instruction.

Virtue, then, is a state of character concerned with choice, lying in a mean, i.e. the mean relative to us, this being determined by a rational principle, and by that principle by which the man of practical wisdom would determine it.

What is the aim of human life according to Aristotle?

Aristotle teaches that each man’s life has a purpose and that the function of one’s life is to attain that purpose. He explains that the purpose of life is earthly happiness or flourishing that can be achieved via reason and the acquisition of virtue.

Which is the best life for a human being according to Aristotle?

Aristotle’s best life for humans. According to Aristotle, the goal of a happy life is action itself, aiming to reach Eudaimonia. For Aristotle, Eudaimonia represents the ultimate goal. Every activity is performed for a certain target, which is rated individually as good and makes the best life to an active approach.

What are the virtues according to Aristotle?

SPHERE OF ACTION OR FEELINGEXCESSMEANPleasure and PainLicentiousness/Self-indulgenceTemperanceGetting and Spending (minor)ProdigalityLiberalityGetting and Spending (major)Vulgarity/TastelessnessMagnificenceHonour and Dishonour (major)VanityMagnanimity8 more rows

What is the concept of happiness?

So, happiness is the state of feeling or showing pleasure or contentment. … Happiness is equated with feeling pleasure or contentment, meaning that happiness is not to be confused with joy, ecstasy, bliss, or other more intense feelings.